Macro photography involves taking photos of incredibly small objects. The focus is often too small and the subject is obscured by the surrounding environment. In addition to the natural light, there are several challenges that can affect the final images. The main one is lighting, which may be challenging depending on the subject. While using a diffuser or reflector can help reduce midday contrast, it is less practical for moving subjects. Flower petals and edges should be photographed, not the center.
In addition to being small in scale, macro photography poses some unique challenges. Lighting is crucial to good macro photos. You need to have a steady camera body to avoid blurring the subject and the background. Moreover, the background should be free from distractions such as dust. The background should also be free from distracting elements such as objects, people, or other objects. This way, you can get a clear focus on your subject.
Another challenge is the lack of depth of field. The subject must be at least a half the life size in order to be considered a macro. To compensate for this, you can narrow down the aperture and increase the F-stop number. Alternatively, you can take pictures at even closer distances. In either case, the subject must be smaller than life size in order to capture it in a close-up manner.